Zornica Bogdanova & Emil Dotzov movie
In the movie parts are showed some remarkable places in Bulgaria.
In the movie parts are showed some remarkable places in Bulgaria.
The stone rivers are geomorphological phenomena, typical of mount Vitosha.
They were formed by the weathering and friction of montsonite rocks, accumulated in the old stream beds.The surface’s rounding of a rock block is explained on the one hand as a result of the water penetrating into the cracks, and on the other the process of the normal mechanical wethering of the basic rock wich also leads to a superficial destroying.
The team Slava Sevrukov and prof. Ivo Lozensky starts work in 1963. The fantastic ability of the woman Slava, to see objects, time and distance independently with the strength of the thought. She is high priced by prof. Lozensky. He documents all those psychophysics explorations thoroughly, (.explorations, done with the force of the thought).
According to Slava the thought is a wave with giant energy. The thought wave is radiated from the brain cells. The wave (psy wave) has gray colour. That wave is directeded there, where the brain-generator offers her. When the idea is tear away from the brain, she acts on their own way, independently from the brain that has made her. The speed of the thought wave is greater than the speed of the light.
How much? According to Slava, the speed depends on the individual capabilities of the mind-generator.
Turn by her prof. Lozenski, Slava begins psychophysics explorations in atom of hydrogen.“This, the atom, looks like corn nipple.” Slava compares the atom so.
“The atom has shape of an even ellipsoid.” That is the decision of prof. Lozenski.
According to Slava the atom of the light hydrogen consists of nucleus and “orbiton” revolving around the nucleus. The nucleus of the atom has the form of a hoop.
The nucleus is built by simple particles. These particles are partible as well in their side.
The Psychophysic team Slava Sevrukov and prof. Ivo Lozenski is named the particles “psyons” that build the nucleus of the atom – “psyons”. The particles are being named “psyons” in laureateship of the psychophysics – method that nucleus was explored with. The “psyons” have got a mass and an electricity charge. At the kernel on the light hydrogen they are over two millions. As much as the nuclear mass of the given chemical element are more huge, the number of “psyons” is so bigger. The mass of the “psyons” is close to that one of the electron.
In 1989 IV congress of psychotronic association field goes on in Warsaw. More than 600 scientists from entire world attend. The team Sevrukov – Lozenski delivers report,
“A Psychophysics model of the atom and the atomic nuclei”. The two researchers offer new model of the atom to the physicists.
The team continues work – for measuring consistency of crystal, atom and nuclear substance. Those measurements are being published in monograph “Psychophysics researches” -1991, publisher University “Kl. Ohridsky” – Sofia.
According to Slava, psychophysics explorations cannot be priced and apologized in that area from the science, because the scientists do not have abstract and practical knowledge in this area. That will be understood and priced by scientists at the middle of a XXI century.
September 2010 writing by an Administrator
That is an invitation for volunteers for work in the new ecological centre of company “BioApiMed” .
The conditions are fit for work and for rest, for education and for treatment in the center.
Company “BioApiMed” and agrarian makers Diana and Tommy Mislievi search volunteers.
> vegetable nutriment
> a place to sleep in a massive house
The activities, that will be given for volunteer labour are:
> picks as well drying of worts
> preparation of terrain-farming for bio and perma cultures
> household work
> repair activities in the house
> activities associate with the adjustment preparation for different events of the ecological centre , and workshops related with the procedure of the company “BioApiMed”
The house can give shelter to five volunteers for the longer stay.
Those who want to take the volunteer labour only in the weekend days,
can sleep over in tents outside the house.
The house and the land are situated on village Bardo, over village Vakarel, 60 km. east from Sofia. In the mountain range “Ihtiman Sredna gora” , on 1200 m. above see level elevation.
The place is uninhabited, beautifull, with view to “Rila” mountain range and view to “Old mountain” range north as well.
The village Bardo is the highest populated point in the mountain range “Ihtiman Sredna gora”.
Diana and Tommy Mislievi
2060 vill. Bardo , comm. Ihtiman
dist. Sofia , Bulgaria
22 may 2010 , village Bardo
Magura is one of the biggest caves in Bulgaria. The overall length of the cave is over 2 600 m. Overall length of the main gallery is nearly 700 м., 56 m. is the displaceme
nt. The height above sea level is 384 m. at the entrance. The cave`s floor area is over 30 000 square metres, the cave`s volume is over 220 000 cubic metres.
The cave is being formed before15 millions years. For years of.millions the water has gouged the calcareous rocks and has formed cave.
The main gallery of the cave has six halls. The halls have different size. Each hall has its rocks formations, well singular, fanciful structure, sculpt by the water an element. Cave Magura has three more side galleries.
The biggest hall is “The Triumphal hall”, the length even is in 128 м., the breadth 58 m., and her highest part reaches 28 м.
With the cave there is almost permanent temperature in the entire year. Average annual temperature is nearly 12 degrees, the humidity reaches up to 80 percent of the air.
The cave is inhabited with mammalia as a cave bear, a cave hyena, a wolf, a fox feral, wild cat as well other more small predators. That has been in the ancientness.
Today the residents are many a bit, four species of vampire bats, and a snowy butterfly are that.
On the cave archaeological investigations are being run. People from distant early bronze and an iron epoch have lived in the cave. It has had settlement in 20 – 30 houses. The homes are made by wood pickets, bars plastered over as well are with clay, mixed with straw. There are wreckages of furnaces, hearths, implement of the labor and ceramics. The findings show that the humans inhabited the cave, were good farmers and breeders. The hunt has had important part in their support.
The drawings on the cave walls talk about the life of cave people.The gallery with
the drawings is 375 m. far from the natural entrance. Major part are written out by guano, some of the drawings are written by yellow – brown fast colour paint.
The drawings are being made from 8 000 bc up to 600 bc. The stages include hunt religious, rite, animals had lived in the region of the cave.
There is a graffito of solar calendar, very rare effigy in entire Europe.
Regrettably the gallery with the drawings is closed for visitors. The cause is that tourist had started to impose damages on the singular murals, that survive over
10 000 years.
The cave exit leads to “Rabishko” lake. It is one of the biggest pools in Bulgaria.
The lake has nearly round cast – 1400 m. with diameter. Maximal depth is 5 м. The
lake is feeded by underground water as well by rains.
Today the cave is well illuminated, with high – powered spotlights, the spotlights, are directed to her most interesting sights and rocks formations. The game of the light and the darkness make singular, fantastic pictures in this underground world.
The touristed path (over 3 kilometers.) goes through broad, well lightened up as well marked lanes. Her declivitous risky sections are safety with parapets.
The groups of the tourists are seen by a tour guide.The tour around the cave is for more than hour at quick tempo. The tour is, one unforgettable know.
It is well for the tourists to have top clothing, for little children and aged people, the clothing is essential. There are high humidity and low temperature inside. The tourists must be assumed with appropriate shoes (sandals or slippers are not eligible).
may 2010 y. Writing : an Administrator
“The Belogradchik Rocks” are saxicolous arrays located around Belogradchik town.
The region that these rocks inhabit is by length nearly 30 km. and breadth – 3 kilometer.
The rocks have fantastic forms, some look like figures of people, other look like animals, there are rocks which resemble the heroes in talks and legends.
The center group of the rocks is located southerly from Belogradchik town.
The second group is west from the town. The rocks here have an alpine species.
The third group is in sight 4 kilometers east of the town. This group encompasses the rocks around ”Latin fortress” and the cave “Lipenishka”.
The fourth group is between villages Borovitca and Falkovetc.
The fifth group is around the villages Gurgich and Belotinci.
The process of the rocks formation had continued 200 million years. This is how the geologists account for this process :
Flaxen-marly rocks at the end of the paleozoic era, had layered themselves in this region before 200 million years.Later the rocks are suffused from sea – “Saramatsk sea”. Sand, gravel, and sludge had settled down themselves on sea bed.
At that way conglomerates had brought themselves so and sandstones known as a motley sandstone. The crimson color is derived by the iron oxide.
At the constitution of an “Old mountain” the waters of the sea withdraw and the region is transformed in a land.
Under the destructive act of the sun, the rain, the wind, the cold, with the rocks gaps emerge and they start to be disrupted.
This process goes on for millions years
The result is those fanciful, antic figures that capture the thousand tourists from entire world.
Except the curious saxicolous figures, in the region there is over 100 caves investigated and mapped by the local explorers club “Bel prilep”. In the cave “Kozarnika” bulgarian – french archaeologists work party, findings in human’s presence.
The wreckages are dated before 1, 4 -1, 6 million years. The most ancient human’s remainses on entire Europe are that.
The Belogradchik fortress is one of the most retain strongholds in Bulgaria. High inaccessible rocks and great walls, make fortress – important war defensive center since the times of the thracians. Possibly the thracian tribe, “tribally” that occupied these lands has started building the fortress walls.
The “triballes” have been bellicosity tribe as well fearless warriors.
Philip Macedonian launches two marches against the tribe “tribally” that conclude by failure. His son Alexander Macedonian too has military march north against the “tribally”.
The war actions against the “tribally” have variable character. In one of the defiles of the mountain range the “tribally” made an ambush, where Alexander and his warriors disappear at miracle, alone Alexander is injured.
During I – III century the romans complete the fortress. She becomes part of the defensive chain of the north slopes of an “Old mountain”. The stronghold is part of the defense of Byzantium. The bulgarians use fortress on defense in their north borders.
Belogradchik stronghold is one that is final captured by the turks at the end of Х IV century.
The turks situate a garrison to squelch the numerous rebellions on bulgarian population.
In 1805 – 1837 the stronghold is extended and retools for a gun. The construction is conducted from french and italian engineers
Two gates and three yards are built, as everybody consisted autonomous shielding equipment. Fortress walls high up to 10 m. are built, with ports for rifles. For the artilleries three bastions are framed. The stronghold has had 15 artilleries. Enlistments, warehouses, arsenals, flour mills for salt and wheat, 4 water tanks, are built. The number of the soldiers reaches 3000 people at the stronghold.
The stronghold participates in military operations for last time during the serbian-bulgarian war in 1885.
Now the fortress is a national memorial of the culture.
The observatory of the Astronomy institute is in closeness in the stronghold. The observatory has three telescopes. A telescope with 60 cm. looking glass for scholarly observations and two smaller telescopes for amateur supervisions.The astronomers in this observatory take part in international plans for supervision of the moon, Saturn and his ring, comets, stars and galaxies. The observatory is up on visitors after midnight 24: 00. The astronomers who work in the observatory give opportunity of the visitors to meet together for the device and the work at the large telescope. They tell of their work, calibrate the small telescopes for observation of planets and stars.The full discussion lasts for nearly two hours. That discussion gives opportunity for the tourists to see many interesting facts of the stars world. That is exciting experience for children and adults.
The phone of the observatory is : 00359 936 3372 ; e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
The Belogradchik guests, can reserve a room in some of the numerous hotels. I, slept for several nights in a guests house. The small house was compiled in the foot of the rocks in “Margashnitca” area, far 2 km. east of villadge Izvoz
The rocks brooded everywhere made elfin setting. At night their fantasia silhouettes ducked and whisper age – old sagas softly.
That is one elfin cell of Bulgaria that deserves to be visited by each fan of nature.
July 2010 text Administrator
This natural phenomenon can be seen near Varna, Bulgaria.
A forest of high rock columns stick up over desert area,cover with greyish – yellow sand, humid sea wind, hovering, between the columns.
That was my touch when I arrived in this country. Everything forces that touch for a weird landscape, for view of an alien world, for a set piece by a fantastic film.
A human expects momentarily from somewhere did a prehistoric giant jump, a giant with thick peels by trunk. Possibly 2-3-meters gray-green androids in party’s silver arrays are lurking behind some columns. Naturally the giants as well the androids were only in my fancy. In world around me there were just rock columns, columns loom over 5 – 6 meters, columns bury in the sand, pillars refract by the persistent hand of the time the natural elements as well. Columns, sand and… wind.
The time held on. The columns jolted by the hardworking wind, they told particular, mysterious story. They told, chiliastic history on their language unfortunately inexplicable for me and for the others.
The scientists do not have one opinion for the emanation on those fantasies ideally defined, cylindric columns.
According to one of the theories the area has been suffused from a sea. The bottomland does have live submarine volcanic activity with active emission of methane. The gases had come from the ocean bottom and had carried molten lava. With the contact in the lava with the cold sea water, the lava had cooled off and had petrified. The gas had continued is being allowed from the sea bottom, Millimeter by millimeter, hundreds colons had bushed out and had formed in millennia.The gas theory gives explanation as well of the fact that the columns are hollow as chimney
Other theory thinks that the colons are stalks of the giant petrified trees.
Despite the disputes in the group theories for the appearance at the columns, the scientists are one in the opinion that the columns are nature formations – volcanos, water, wind, as well other. The scientists exclude intellectual, human influence in the devising of the rock columns. It is possible that stone wood truly should be brought by the natural elements – volcanos, water, wind, etc.
But after all the human arm has made marks on the pillars. For example the column whose top end is chiseled as a girl head (photo 1,2 the Girl). The arm of the unknown sculptor careful has hewed the head of a girl. Where a human should have a look at her column, it is seen clearly that this is a women’s head. The girl carefuly gaze on the distance and waits patiently own she love.
Another case of human’s intervention is the imagination “Idol”. Here the picture is in stylized rough as well but eyes, a nose and a mouth are seen distinctly. Possibly people which had lived in the seashore in the ancientness, when Black sea has been a freshwater lake, they have made these sculptures.
That is possible to be a sanctuary, where people have been performing religious rituals
The stone wood falls silent . . . The columns keep their mysterious, chiliastic story
August 2010 by Administrator
By authors : arch. D.Vassileva ; ing.K.Dimov ; Ing. V.Hadjimitov ; photographer V.Alekseev
The well is a sophisticated device, established entirely underground (dr.1). it is buld on the east side of the hill surrounding the dam. The long axis of the well is orinted north-south. The entrance to the underground chamber is located east. It represents a stair of 24 stairs 1.1m wide.
The first nine stairs are in open air, the next 15 are underground (Dr.2, Picture1). The stair leads to a underground vaulted round circular chamber with 4.2m diameter. On the top of the vault there is an circular hole to the sky. The opening is 2.3m wide.
Picture 1, stair
The underground stair joins the vaulted chamber by an arched gate 2.4m high (Picture 2)
Picture 2, entrance
Ancient well – a telescope at GARLO village – video
The height of the chamber is 3.5m. There is a well carved in the centre of the chamber. Its diameter is 1.3m. The well has dried up and has been filled with earth and rubble. It is 3.5m deep, however I believe its initial depth was 4 to 5m. The well is centred on the central axis of the sky opening of the vaulted chamber.
Picture 3, sky opening
The construction of the entire site is performed with big chiselled stones (sandstones) with irregular shape. The aim was to achieve drywall using stone and earth. The floor of the chamber and the vault of the tunnel leading to it have been covered with trapezoidal stone plates. They have been placed in a radial system starting from the circle of the well. Placed so, they support the structure of the well and even the surface of the floor. The ancient builders have constructed carefully the stairs using big sandstones. The stair has been widened up a bit where it is connected to the chamber.
There are two 1.5m high openings in the left and right wall of the tunnel. I believe a wooden truss has been position in the opening. Its purpose was to support a possible door or curtain at the openings in the tunnel. The stone plates around the sky opening are 1,00 х 1,30 m size.
The plates are positioned in a radial structure around the opening and above the staircase – perpendicular to the stairs. They are raised above the terrain approximately 10 to 15 cm. The altitude difference of terrain and artificially raised stone plates have been wisely used to deviate rain and melted snow from entering the chamber.
The whole structure is magnificent in its size and building sophistication. We, the people of ХХІ century could be only astounded with the knowledge and experience of ancient architects and builders. Using basic materials like stone they have managed to construct this unique complex device without any plaster or lime. It has endured more than three thousand years and still exists in a good condition.
Our group of three (excluding out dog Charlie) have rambled one and a half hours in the dense forest. Entirely wet, mudded and scratched by shrubs we managed to find the well hidden in the forest. When we entered the chamber through the stair we were deeply touched by its unique look from inside. It felt like time stopped. We were suddenly brought thousands years behind. The shadows of the ancient builders and priests have surrounded us and looked at us through the rough stone wall, covered with moss. After the initial astonishment we started photographing the well.
Here I open a brake to discuss the limited information I encountered about the well on the internet.
The well has been discovered in the 70-s of the ХХ century by archaeologist Dimitrina Mitova-Djonova. She believes the well has been build in the ХІІ century b.c. According to her experience such kind of sites are not related to Trakian culture. She relates the well to the culture of the ‘Nugary’. The scientist of the well at Gurlo village also believes that such sites are rare in the antic world. In Bulgaria this well is unique by its nature.
Similar wells we can find also in:
- Keos Island, Greece
- The Greek colony of Pantikapei, the ??? Peninsula nowadays
- Island Sardinia, the wells are around 100 there
According to archaeologist Mitova- Jonova the well at Gurlo village ant its related are temples worshiping the symbol of water, or more precisely to the underworld water resources. This is what I found on the internet.
I would allow muself to give my personal opinion about the purpose of the well. I believe the datum of ХІІ century b.c. is correct. What are the methods used to calculate it I don’t know. The statement that this site is not typical for Trakian culture I believe it is uncorrect.
I could not accept the well is a worship of underground water. It doesn’t have an altar, there is no sacrifice aspect, no symbols, no decoration, no architectural details. The only symbol I found is a sign carved in the stone on the left side of the entrance (Picture 4).
Picture 4 , Symbol
The possibility the well had a holly water is not proofed. There are no tracks of running water, no basin, no draining channel.
The underground water coming from the hill are being collected at the foot of the hill. There is no logic the collect the water in the middle of the hill.
According to my knowledge this technological construction with its purpose has served specific number of people. The entire architecture, the stone masonry, its position in the middle of the slope and the tunnel to the chamber they all prove the statement above. I believe this was a well – telescope, for observing a specific star or a constellation by ancient priests – astronomers.
The device and its function as a well – telescope is analogical to contemporary reflector telescopes used for scientific purposes in observatories. The observed object (star or constellation) you can see through the sky opening in the upper part of the chamber. On the bottom of the chamber just bellow the sky opening there used to parabolic metal mirror made from copper, silver and cold. It is possible that the mirror was submerged in the water. The observed object in the sky was reflected in the mirror while the astronomer has performed his scientific calculations on the radial platform. (drawing 4)
Drawing 4, principle of action
From the platform the priest-astronomer has conveniently used his science techniques, has installed his calculation tools and has predicted the location and movement of celestial objects throughout the year. This usually happened in the night, in clear skies in the same way nowadays astronomers observe the sky in the observatories. There was a curtain or a symbolic door at the entrance of the chamber in order to tone down the light coming in the chamber. The only light let through was the light coming from the sky opening above the circle of the well, namely the telescopic tube, the light which reflected in the mirror. This entire complicated system was used to calculate the length of the astronomic year, to observe the seasons and to maintain the calendar of priests and astronomers. These observations were life asserting to the ancient people inhabiting these areas. Perhaps they were tribes practicing agriculture. What kind of tribes they were? This I cannot answer. The only sign they left is the sign on the left at the entrance of the chamber. (Picture 4)
What do this sign represent? It is difficult to say. Perhaps an astronomical scheme or a constellation observed at the time. It could be the name of the priest – astronomer who invented the telescope. To reach the truth of story an archaeological and astronomical team in ancient symbology has to come to the fact.
The assumption the well is actually a telescope is only hypothesises, but for it to look groundless I would shortly describe the structure of contemporary telescopes.
In 1663 the Scottish mathematician James Gregory has published for the first time the idea of a reflector telescope. A few years later in 1670 the British scientist Isaac Newton ahs successfully constructed a reflector telescope. Nowadays reflector telescopes are widely used in the scientific and amateur astronomical observations. They have the advantage because they do not use optical lenses. They are simply made. Their main compartments are the tube, the reflecting mirror on the bottom of the tube. The mirror has a spherical parabolic shape. It collects the light entering in the opening and reflects it concentrically onto a second mirror. The second mirror sends the image in the eyepiece and the optic system of a camera. The most important piece in this device is the mirror. The bigger the mirror the bigger the amount of light being reflected and the deeper the view in the universe. Contemporary telescopes use mirrors of 10m diameter.
On drawing 5 you can see the device of the universe telescope Hubble.
Drawing 5, the device of Hubble
The mirror of the telescope has the modest size of 2.4m. The telescope belongs to NASA and is the universe for 10 years. It gives us precious information. On picture 5 you can see outlook of the telescope when in the earth’s orbit.
Picture 5, outlook of the telescope Hubble
Hubble is one unique achievement of our science and technology. Although the centuries sitting apart for the well at Gurlo’s and the telescope Hubble, they use the same principle- the mirror! Here the dictum: ‘Every new science proves to be a forgotten old science’. The scientists D. Gregory and I. Newton have found this what centuries ago the priests have used.
Nowadays this unique underground well hasn’t been well maintained. The country authority the National Institute of Cultural heritance (NICH) has constructed solid roofing above the well, there is a protecting wall and a terrace. These have been completed in the 80-s. Unfortunately the time and the help of unfriendly people have helped the roofing to collapse. Now instead of protecting it, it contributes to its ruin.
The massive beams have collapsed and have moved the stones at the masonry. Looking at this site people do a comparison of the durability of the well and ХХ century construction methods. The ХХ century construction methods are not used for their advantage.
Construction survived about three thousand years and roofing couldn’t survive 30 years. I hope we the people of ХХІ century find a way to preserve the cultural sites built by our ancestors.
If you start travelling from Breznik town Garlo village is located in the direction of Trun. There is no sign of Garlo village on the road map. Four kilometres pass Breznik you turn right for Gurlo village. There is a Gurlo sign on the roar at the juncture of Gurlo village and Vidritza village. There is an asphalt road all the way to the centre of the village – a triangular plaza. Continue north (the right exit of the triangular plaza). You pass around fifteen houses before you leave the village. There is an industry site identified by a sign. Here is where the road ends. A cobbled path starts from there on which traverses a neighbourhood of ten houses. There is a 2 km black road between this neighbourhood and the miniature dam. Two places of the black road are disrupted by water current which runs along the road. In rainy weather you can reach this destination only in a four wheel vehicle. The actual point of destination is the barrier in front of the dam. The well-telescope you can reach by walk, there are no signs or paths to it.
The only source of information is the security of the dam inhabiting a shed 50m from the barrier.
The distance between the dam and the well is 30min casual walk.
You pass the mount fill, cross the iron bridge above the concrete wall and step on a steep path disguised by bushes. Somewhere in the middle of the path there is a concrete sign 1m hign. The well is located on the east side of the hill which has a view to the dam. From this sign to the well the easiest way to reach it is through the path which runs along the dam. There is a fence protecting the east shore. You walk along this fence until you reach a reservoir, then you run straight up west.
There is dense vegetation on the slope. The traces of the walk (if there are such) are probably lost; there are no signs of directions. You walk around trees and shrubs 100m and reach the terrace of the well.
GPS coordinates to the vault of the well are accordingly: N 42° 47´ 13,51” ; E 22° 50´ 53,92”.
From Buzovgrad neighbourhoods you can reach the megalith by walking on a well adjusted path. There are several steep sections cutting through modest woods. The path then becomes horizontal and moves spiral way to the top of the hill. The magelith is reachable by 30-40 min even walk.
Picture 1 represents the stone site of the top of the hill.
picture 1 - stone site of the top of the hill
Picture 2 describes the megalith in a closer view. You can clearly see the blocks which shape ‘the window’ are treated by man hand. The archaeologists date the site from 1800-1600 b.c. A human figure 1.8m high could fit the size of the ‘window’. I believe the blocks around the megalith are at its natural appearance. They have been treated as much as to provide a free access to the ridge. There is an abyss on the other side of the ‘window’.
picture 2 – the megalith in a closer view
On picture 3 you can see the view to the valley and the slopes of Stara Planina mountain. The view of the valley is wonderful you can see it as on a palm of a hand According to Kosta Dimov (a leader of Prof. A. Fol’ students) there are similar astronomical and cultural sites on the hills opposite the ‘window’. They are not easily recognizable. I support this view and I believe that not only astronomical and religious meaning these sites have had, they have been also used for military bases and centres of communication. In a clear weather conditions the communication among them has been established through bronze sun reflectors and through fires in the night time. The ancient Trakians have wisely used the natural altitude as a measure of defence of their tribe – state.
picture 3 – a gate to the universe
The megalith above Buzovgrad village has been established so that the sunray hits the window at sunset. According to religion and believes of Trakians the sunrise symbolizes birth and creation, and the sunset symbolizes the world oh dead. It this context the megalith proves its call ‘a gate to the universe’. Perhaps it has been used in cultural rituals and funerals of Trakian aristocrats and priests. According to archaeological assumptions there must be an ancient necropolis in the area. Such hasn’t been found so far.
picture 4 – the sunset
picture 5 – the sunset in summer solstice
Picture N4 and N5 represent the sunset in summer solstice. The main purpose of the site is to maintain the ancient trakian calendar; to calculate the continuity of astronomical years and seasons. This has been performed by devoted priests – astronomers.
There are other distinctive sites in the megalith area: Bashtin kamuk, Mujki kamik and the Buzovgrad fortress. It is possible there might be other mystical archaeological places. We the people of ХХІ century must be more open to such phenomenon.
Ancient megalith observatory – video
Тhe megalith above Buzovgrad village is situated in the foot of Sredna Gora mountain, approximately 5 km south of Kazanluk town. Buzovgrad village (3,5 km south of Kazanluk) is accessible by driving south on Rozova Dolina boulevard from the center of the town. The road is straight forward where it joins Buzovgrad village plaza. There is a sign about 50m south-west on the left side on the road. The road slopes down the river. Pass the bridge it curves alongside the river (against its stream). Then on the left it hits the foot of the hill where the megalith soars. Hereon a trail leads to the stone site.
The cave ‘Utrobata’ has been discovered by archaeologist Gumarov. A few years following his discover he publicly announced about it. The archaeologist Prof. Ovcharov takes on studying the characteristics of the cave.
photo N 1 – split in the rock
The cave itself is a natural split in the rocks (photo N 1). It is oriented North-South. The Trakians have used this mountain pass and have adapt its shape to become an anatomical female symbol. (photo N 2 and 3)
photo N 2 – the entrance
photo N 3 – female symbol
The cave is 22 m. long (photo N 4 ) Its 5 to 6 meters extension is a result of artificial excavation. The entrance of the cave is a shaped arc 20 m. high and gradually descending as it moves inwards. At the end it is about 1,5 m. high (photo N 5)
photo N 4 – tunnel
photo N 5 – embryo
According to pantheologist Gumarov, in January and February the sunray penetrates deep in the cave. This act symbolizes the fertilisation of the goddess Mother by her god the Sun. While the sun gradually ascends at the level of horizon its ray move through the entrance and projects a shadow symbolizing a male phallus. It moves deep in the cave and reaches it’s end (culmination) at 12.00 h. This amazing spectacle has been captured by Gumarov’s camera.
Prof. Ovcharov relates the cave’s initial date since ХI – Х century b.c. It is the only cave ‘Utroba’ found in Bulgaria. Prof. Ovcharov believes that it is a proof of Dionisii’s orgies, which the Trakian young women have participated in to plead for fertile crop.
Similar events have been narrated by Evripid (480 г. – 406 г. b.c.) in his play ‘Vakhankite’. About Dionisii orgies mentions as well the famous historian Heredot, who describes immorally behaved young women.
Now three thousand years later it is impossible to say whether these events do represent immoral behaviour or they were a result of religious rituals, performed by certain priestess to please God Sun and Goddess Mother.
Let’s say we accept the data of Prof. Ovcharov dating from XI – X century b.c. as true. Almost fife centuries spread apart between Evripid and Heredot since the initial function of the cave. Evripid describes the rituals performed there in a piece of art – a play where an art fiction may be involved. It is known also be that he was criticized by the time that he hasn’t respected the moral beliefs and religious foundations.
Herodot we know has not distinguished history from epos. The cohabitants of Herodot questioned the authenticities of his narratives which they referred to becoming myth.
Regardless of what said we the people of 21st century claim to know nothing about Dionisii’s orgies. Me personally, visiting the place have not experienced any negative vibes. The same feelings I had at the terrace at the cave, at the entrance of the cave.
I believe at the ‘Utroba’ place a few priestesses have been evident (women and men), but no more than 20. During this orgies, if they were so, they were rituals between female and male priestesses according to the belief an abundant crop will follow and so a fortuned tribe.
It has been established as a cult of local meaning and not as a broad practice.
Whatever cult (belief) it was, it helped the ancient people to show their respect to Goddess Mother, who symbolises the mystical wonder of new life.
The cave ‘Utrobata’ is located in the neighbourhood of the village Dujdovnitza and the village Pudarci on the north side of the coast of reservoir Kurjali. It is reachable by passing the town of Kurjali and driving in the direction of reservoir Kurjali through the village of Enchetz, Zelenikavo, Belenika, Peniovo and finally through the village of Dujdovnitza. The road is very picturesque and carved in the folds of the mountain. It follows the counterline of the north shore of the reservoir Kurjali. Passing by Dujdovnitza village about 3 km on the right side of the raod, close by the reservoir shore you can see the lodge Borovitza. About 2.5 kmf from the lodge you can see on the right side a guide. From here on the path the cave begins. There are no parking spaces, however you park there. The only way to reach the cave from here on is walking. You can reach the cave from the north side as well. You drive in the direction of Komiuniga village and the pass the villages Sredska, Jenda, Nenkovo, Vojnovo and Pudarci. The coordinates established by Google Earth are : 41º 42′ 12, 85” N , 25º 15′ 07,13” E and is 615 m. over the sea level. There is 1.3 hours walking distance between the road and the cave. The path has a numerous steep sections where you can find a place for shelter. You can rest and enjoy a beautiful view. You can see the majestic mountain silhouette being reflected on the glossy water surface. There is a new designed shelter Just before the entrance of the cave where you can spend the night with the sleeping bag.